Paper Prototyping

Trochę o Paper Prototyping

Paper Prototyping to jedna z technik projektowania i testowania użyteczności, polegająca na stworzeniu papierowej makiety interfejsu oraz badaniu jej wraz z użytkownikiem.

I jest najtańszą, najszybszą i najfajniejszą metodą testowania funkcjonalności jaką znam.

Potrzebne nam jest kilka kartek papieru, ołówek, żółte karteczki, dosłownie kilka godzin pracy w kreatywnym zespole. Prototypowanie możemy podzielić na kilka etapów: projektowanie makiet, budowanie scenariusza badań, przeprowadzenie testu z użytkownikiem oraz analiza tych testów. A wszystko po to, aby wbrew pozorom oszczędzić trochę czasu, a przez to pieniędzy. Zaletą tej metody jest też to, że nie skupiamy uwagi projektanta, ani użytkownika na warstwie Look&Feel. Pamiętajmy jednak, że przez to „badacz” nie może zwracać uwagi na dłuższy czas reakcji itp.

 

Więc co możemy zbadać za pomocą prototypowania na papierze?

  • Koncepcję interfejsu – layout, który będzie posiadał nasz produkt,
  • Terminologię i język interfejsu – czy produkt jest zrozumiały dla użytkownika,
  • Nawigację – czy użytkownik będzie potrafił poruszać się po produkcie,
  • Treść i gradację informacji,
  • Funkcjonalności.

Więc dlaczego to takie fajne?

Już sam etap projektowania to bardzo twórczy proces. Używamy zwykłych przedmiotów biurowych, aby rozwiązać jak najlepiej, często złożone problemy. Często musimy też wysilić nasze zdolności manualne, aby bardziej skomplikowane elementy interfejsu były łatwe do przebadania.

Samo badanie ułatwia nam wykrycie błędów funkcjonalności, których nie dostrzegliśmy podczas projektowania. Razem z badanym użytkownikiem możemy wdrożyć poprawki i przetestować je na następnych. Jest to dużo łatwiejsze i szybsze niż zmiany w kodzie lub nawet samej grafice.

Podczas badania dostrzegamy również ścieżkę użytkownika. Dzięki temu możemy w łatwy sposób poprawić nawigację. Dzięki zobrazowaniu interakcji dowiemy się również o uczuciach badanych osób.

Jednak prototypowanie nie jest lekiem na całe zło!

Podczas wdrażania tej metody musimy pamiętać o kilku rzeczach. Nie odwzorowują dokładnie funkcjonalności i interakcji, przez co analiza badań często przynosi niewłaściwe wnioski. Ważne jest, aby stosować ją na samym początku procesu projektowania. Możemy spróbować przetestować też kolejną iterację projektu, po wprowadzeniu uwag użytkowników i wniosków z analizy badania.

Przy projektowaniu należy pamiętać o pewnych barierach technologicznych, które jednak wciąż występują. W procesie tworzenia prototypu, oprócz projektanta, powinien uczestniczyć też developer, dzięki temu unikniemy problemów na etapie rozwijania projektu.

Ostatnią rzeczą, na którą szczególnie należy zwracać uwagę to dobór badanych użytkowników. Często nie mamy funduszy, ani czasu na rekrutowaniu ich na etapie prototypowania, należy jednak pamiętać, że badanymi nie mogą być osoby pracujące nad danym projektem. Fajnie przetestować kilka różnych osób (2-4), które mogą być potencjalnymi użytkownikami danego produktu.

Jak to wygląda w praktyce?

Źródła: Obrazek w leadzie

128 myśli na temat “Trochę o Paper Prototyping”

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